Hebrews 10:19-39 – Let us hold fast

The purpose of marriage is not to possess a marriage license; it is to celebrate the relationship! In the same way, the purpose of the gospel is not to possess a ticket to heaven but to enter in to a deeply, meaningful, soul-satisfying relationship with Jesus.  As we begin to talk about living out this new life in Christ, it’s really important that we don’t start thinking, “This is now my obligation, my duty, because I have a ticket to heaven.” That would be like saying, “I must remain faithful to my wife because I have a marriage license.”  It’s kind of missing the whole point.  But rather, now that we understand life is found in Christ alone—that Christ is enough—this is now a life of meaning…this is a life of purpose…this is the life my soul has been longing for.  That’s what we want to talk about.  If you have a Bible, turn with us to Hebrews, Chapter 10.  As I mentioned last time, Hebrews chapter 10, starting in verse 19, there’s a little shift in the focus from this deep, rich, theology that we’ve been talking about to, “Now what does this look like actually lived out in life?”  So, verses 19, 20, and 21 are a little bit of a review and then the action starts: 

Therefore, (so therefore, in light of what we’ve talked about) brethren, since (So this is the review.) since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus, (*NASB, Hebrews 10:19) 

Again, you have to keep thinking about these tabernacle images that have been so prevalent in the book of Hebrews.  In the old covenant no one could have imagined actually entering into the presence of God with the exception of one person, the high priest, and that was once a year.  The people understood they were removed from the presence of God by many, many layers.  So now in the new covenant we have the confidence to enter the holy place, right into the presence of God.  How? By the blood of Jesus.  Verse 20: 

…by a new and living way by a new and living way which He inaugurated, through the veil, that is, His flesh. (Hebrews 10:20) 

The Greek word for new means brand new—never available to anyone in the history of the world until the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ.  The idea of living is, “Now this is the path of life.”  Remember the old covenant was all about death.  There were these reminders that there is a death to come.  Paul even told the Corinthians that it’s a ministry of death; it’s a ministry of condemnation.  But now that Jesus has died our death, it’s no longer a covenant of death; it’s a covenant of life!  Think about the words that Jesus used.  Jesus said, “I am the Way (that’s the new path) I am the Truth; I am the Life.”  It’s a living path…  

by a new and living way which He inaugurated, (He brought about; He dedicated for us.  How?)…through the veil, that is, His flesh…His broken body. (Again, think of the words, “I am the way, the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father,”) but how? …through the veil, “through Me.”

This is all the language that Jesus used, and the writer of Hebrews is using. Verse 21: 

…and since we have a great priest (the ultimate High Priest) over the house of God,  (Hebrews 10:21)

We’ve learned in Hebrews, we’re the house of God.  Jesus is the builder, then let us what?   (So those verses were a quick review.) Now three action steps beginning in verse 22: 

…let us draw near… (You remember the better promise of the new covenant was intimacy, and intimacy unimaginable by people in the old covenant.)…let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.  (Hebrews 10:22) 

So those again are two images from the old covenant shadows that have been fulfilled in Christ. But I want to backtrack and talk a little bit about this idea of a sincere heart in full assurance of faith.  Sincere heart could be translated true heart.  Basically, what that’s saying is that I have been invited to draw near into the very presence of God, but to do so with a full assurance of faith— meaning believing the truth.  A sincere heart is about motive.  It’s about realizing I’m not entering into the presence of God to impress Him.  I’m not doing that to impress others.  I’m not doing it to somehow further atone for sin.  I’m not doing that to make myself more acceptable or more righteous or more impressive to God.  Understand those things, frankly, are offensive to God because they’re forms of self-righteousness.  I’m not doing that.  I understand the truth that my sin has been paid for by the blood of Christ and there’s nothing more that’s needed!  All He’s asking is that I believe that.  That’s the full assurance of faith, and therefore enter His presence just in order to delight in the relationship with Him.  That’s the invitation—an invitation that was unimaginable to people in the old covenant but an invitation made to us in the new covenant!  The second action step is verse 23: 

Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, (Why?) for He who promised is faithful; (Hebrews 10:23) 

Now this is not new to us.  He’s talked a lot about the idea of holding fast…hold on tight…anchor down to what we know and believe is true.  The confession of our hope—that word confession basically means this is a body of doctrine we agree with.  You hear of confessions of faith.  It’s the same idea: This is a body of doctrine we believe is true and this is the basis of our hope.  This has been a theme in the book of Hebrews. Our hope is not ultimately that everything in this life is going to work out. Our hope is not that everything in this life is going to make sense.  Our hope is found in the truth that, at the end of the story, Jesus wins and He’s coming back, and He will deliver us to a new heaven and a new earth that will be everything our souls long for today!  So what he’s saying is that sometimes life is going to get really hard.  These people are headed into severe persecution, and sometimes all they can do is hold on tightly to what they know is true.  Why?  Because the One who promised you is faithful. 

Now I just want to stop and put some of this together a little bit.  I want to retrieve an imagery from the book of Galatians—an imagery that we can refer to as the Light Room and the Dark Room because this is Light Room theology.  The idea is that in the Light Room is the place where Jesus dwells, and in the Light Room it’s continuingly playing the music of Amazing Grace.  And the invitation on the basis of the grace of God, on both my best days and my worst days, is to draw near—an invitation to come into the Light Room—in order to celebrate the relationship with Jesus, to dance with Jesus to the music of Amazing Grace—even on the days when I’ve totally messed up, because even on those days I stand in the righteousness of Christ!  My sins have been paid for.  There’s nothing more I need to do—and so I celebrate life in the Light! 

But here’s the problem: When we don’t have good theology, what we create is a Dark Room because that’s what makes sense to us.  The Dark Room is a place of shame; it is a place of guilt.  It is a place where I punish myself because of my sin.  It’s a place where I beat myself up because once again, I’m “Loser Christian”.  We hear the voice of God in our ears that sounds like an angry parent, “You are Loser Christian, go to your room!”  So that’s what we do.  We go into the Dark Room and we try to somehow punish ourselves enough that we think somehow, someway, we may be worthy of some degree of forgiveness from God.  But we have to understand, that is deeply offensive to God because again it’s a form of self-righteousness.  I’m thinking there’s still something I can do…must do…to make myself acceptable to God.  What happens is we get lost in the Dark Room.  We define ourselves as Loser Christian, so I live like Loser Christian and I just begin this cycle that keeps me in bondage, rather than realizing my sin has been paid for. There’s nothing more I need to do!  On my absolute worst days, I need to flee to the Light Room, and I need to remember: “Here I am loved.  Here I am accepted.  Here I stand in the righteousness of Christ!”  In the Light Room there is true repentance of sin.  There’s true confession of sin.  My soul comes back to life with this passion for righteousness, and I’m renewed, and I realize, “This is the way I want to live.  I want to live for righteousness and not sin!”  If we can rightly understand the truth and live in the Light Room—that’s where life is found—that’s the path that our souls are looking for, and that’s what He’s saying, “Draw near; this is true.  You just have to believe it’s true so that you can live out that truth!  This is the basis of our hope!”  Third action step:  Verse 24: 

…and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the day drawing near. (Hebrews 10:24-25) 

So the third action step is to, “Come together.”  It is interesting that this is roughly thirty-some years after the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ—after Pentecost and the launching of the Church—and there’s already a problem with Christians forsaking the gathering of the people of God.  No day is specified in this verse, but remember Christians have gathered daily, and even weekly, and even on Saturdays and Sundays from the first century. There’s something deep within us that convinces us, “I don’t need that.  I can do it myself!”  If that was a problem thirty years after the launching of the Church, is it possible that’s a problem two thousand years later in a very selfish, individualized, consumer-driven culture?  A consumer comes to church and says, “What’s in it for me?”  And that’s how they think.  “I don’t need it this week.”  But a proper understanding of what he just said is, “This isn’t just about me.”  We come together as the people of God to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, to encourage one another, to challenge one another, to hold one another up.  As a matter of fact, the last thing he says there is, “It’s only going to get worse.”  As we get closer and closer to the return of Christ, it’s only going to get worse and so it’s needed all the more.  And so there is this reminder that we’re in this together, a mutual commitment to help get one another to the finish line together like champions! 

So he says, “Based on what we’ve learned is true, we should draw near.  We should run to the Light.  We need to hold fast; we need to hold on tight to what we know is true because He who promised will be faithful, and sometimes life is going to get really, really hard and we come together.  We come together to worship.  We come together to encourage.  We come together to challenge.  We come together as part of our expression that we are in this together as the people of God, and let’s together challenge ourselves to make it to the finish line as champions! 

Starting then in verses 26 through 31, this is what’s referred to as the fourth warning passage in Hebrews.  It’s interesting to note all four warning passages have the same focus.  None of them are focused on bad behaviors.  All of them are focused on the truth—understanding and believing the truth, and the danger of no longer believing the truth.  This one is the same in that way.  So, there are many different interpretations. This one is very similar to Hebrews chapter 6, so it would be right to say how we interpreted Hebrews 6 is going to strongly influence how we interpret this passage—and that is certainly the case.  Verse 26:  

For if we go on sinning willfully…  

Okay, this is the core issue: What is the sin?  It’s something that has been happening—you can tell by the verb tenses.  It’s continuing to happen and it’s not accidental—it’s willful; it’s on purpose.  So what is that?  Now some would just say, “It’s any sin,” but that makes no sense.  That’s not been the discussion in Hebrews at all. That’s certainly not been the discussion in this context.  So, what is the problem?  Well let’s see if the text helps us with that: 

For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, (So now we know what’s true.) there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, (Hebrews 10: 26) 

Now this sounds a lot like Hebrews 6.  Now we know the truth and we’ve done something with the truth that has now prohibited the forgiveness of our sins.  All that remains is judgment.  So now we know the sin has something to do with the rejection of the one means of salvation.  That’s why all that’s left is judgment.  Verse 27: 

…but a terrifying expectation of judgment and THE FURY OF A FIRE WHICH WILL CONSUME THE ADVERSARIES  (Hebrews 10: 27) 

Starting in verse 28 he’s going to make a logical argument from the old covenant into the new covenant.  Verse 28: 

Anyone who has set aside the Law of Moses (meaning the old covenant) dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. (Hebrews 10:28) 

Okay, now the pieces are coming together.  We’ve come across this idea of willful sin a couple of times already in the book of Hebrews.  It’s not language we typically use, but very familiar in the old covenant.  It’s what he’s referring to here.  In the old covenant, if someone sinned, there was a sacrifice for sin. But if someone rejected the old covenant, meaning they rejected the Law of Moses, they rejected the tabernacle and the sacrificial system—they rejected everything that it represents— then there is no basis for mercy.  They’ve rejected that which God has provided to cover their sins.  Therefore, the only thing left is judgment.  In the old covenant that was actually a capital offense.  If there were two or three witnesses that could confirm that this person had rejected the Law of Moses, the old covenant, then they were put to death.  So the logic of the argument is: if the punishment was that severe for rejecting the shadow—the old covenant—then, verse 29: 

How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he (or it could be translated by which one) was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace?  (Hebrews 10:29) 

So what he just said is:  If this is the consequence for rejecting the old covenant, how much more severe are the consequences going to be for rejecting the new covenant?  Basically they despise, they trample under foot the Son of God and the blood He shed for their sin.  Saying it’s unclean is just simply saying, “It’s just blood and he’s just a guy and he died.  That’s all there is to it.  There’s no saving power in the blood of Jesus.”  And in doing that, then they’re insulting the Spirit of grace.  They are rejecting Jesus’ death on the cross for their sins, and they are rejecting God’s offer of grace. 

At this point I would say the “willful sin” is obvious; it’s defined in the text.  What they had been doing was rejecting Jesus and maintaining the old covenant.  That was their sin.  Now they know the truth.  They’ve been enlightened, but they’re choosing not to believe it.  Therefore their sin is they are trampling under foot the Son of God; they are rejecting the blood of Jesus for their sins; they are rejecting this message of grace, which leaves them with no other option but judgment, which is what he says:  Verse 30: 

For we know Him who said, “VENGEANCE IS MINE, I WILL REPAY.” And again, “THE LORD WILL JUDGE HIS PEOPLE.” It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of  the living God.  (Hebrews 10:30-31) 

Now we know from earlier passages in Hebrews—we’ve identified these—that there is a concern that the writer has that there may be some among them who do not really believe.  We’ve seen that in several places.  When he opens in verse 26 with the word “we” it’s an editorial “we”.  It would be no different than me saying, “If we reject Jesus,” it doesn’t mean I’m rejecting Jesus; it’s just the editorial “we” – some among us.  Well, this has been a concern all the way along.  He’s writing primarily to believers but has a concern there are some that aren’t truly believers.  This is the fourth time he’s offered a warning passage.  

So a couple of things:  One is human nature, such as it is, means that if this morning you receive ten compliments and one criticism, what are you going to fuss over all afternoon?   It’s the criticism.  We all get that.  So, after all this wonderful, beautiful, hope-filled theology, people get hung up on these warning passages: “Oh no, what if that’s me?”  So, let’s be clear here:  If you are willfully, intentionally rejecting Jesus and His death on the cross for your sins, then it is you!  But if that’s not what you’re doing, then it’s not you!   

The second thing would be to understand this is continuing, willful action.  So I may be rejecting Jesus today, but if tomorrow I decide to receive Jesus, I experience His salvation and I’m no longer guilty of that sin—and I can be forgiven.  The only unpardonable sin is to die without ever accepting Jesus’ death for my sin!  At that point there is no basis by which God can forgive.  

Alright, so then starting in verse 32—this is almost identical to chapter 6—he reaffirms the people that that isn’t them.  He has the same concerns I just expressed—that now people start to panic!  It’s not them, so he says: 

But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings, partly by being made a public spectacle through reproaches and tribulations, and partly by becoming sharers with those who were so treated. For you showed sympathy to the prisoners and accepted joyfully the seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better possession and a lasting one. (Hebrews 10:32-34) 

So just like chapter 6, he’s reaffirming the evidence of your life is clear—that you have truly been radically changed by the power of Jesus.  They have been persecuted.  They have taken their stand for Jesus.  They have stood with those who have been persecuted.  The idea of visiting people in jail or in prison was that in the ancient world people were thrown in prison and often just neglected.  If there wasn’t someone that brought them food, if there wasn’t someone that brought them clothing or whatever was needed, they often just died there.  So the idea was that the Christians brought them what they needed, but in so doing that, they outed themselves as fellow Christians, setting themselves up for persecution.  It wasn’t just a nice thing to do.  It had serious consequences.  They had their possessions seized, but they’re okay with that.  They’re joyfully okay with that because they understood what they had was more valuable and would last forever.  So what the writer is saying is: “The evidence is overwhelmingly clear—you have been radically changed by the power of Jesus!”  Verse 35: 

Therefore, do not throw away your confidence (don’t panic, because confidence…), which has a great reward. For you have need of endurance (perseverance), so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised.  (Then he quotes from Isaiah): FOR YET IN A VERY LITTLE WHILE, HE WHO IS COMING WILL COME, AND WILL NOT DELAY.  (…the return of Christ. Then he quotes from the prophet Habakkuk.) BUT MY RIGHTEOUS ONE SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; AND IF HE SHRINKS BACK, MY SOUL HAS NO PLEASURE IN HIM.  But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, (meaning they’re true believers) but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul.  (Hebrews 10:35-39) 

What he’s saying is that they need to look at their lives, and once again the evidence is there. They do truly believe; this does matter to them; they aren’t rejecting the Christ, and so they need to have confidence.  They need to persevere.  What he’s basically saying is, “Life’s going to get really hard, and you’re going to have to persevere all the way to the end.  But we want to finish this race like champions, and to do that we have to have confidence.  We have to remember what’s true.  We have to believe what’s true all the way to the finish line. 

He says, “Because of what is true,”—these are our actions steps—“we draw near; we run to the Light; we dance in the presence of Jesus, not because we performed so well today, not because we’re Super Christian, not because we deserve it, but because of what Jesus has done on our behalf.”  Therefore, we come with a sincere heart. We know this; we believe this—this is what God has offered us—and so we run to the Light and celebrate the new life we have in Christ.  This is what makes grace so life-changing!  We hold on for all we’re worth to the truth, to the hope of the gospel.  We do believe Jesus is coming back!  We do believe God wins!  We do believe the future is glorious! 

Our Father, we celebrate this magnificent truth.  What we’ve been offered as people in the new covenant was unimaginable to the people before the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.  Lord, may we draw near.  May we hang on tight and may we commit ourselves to the coming together as the people of God, that we might finish this race together as champions for Your glory!  In Jesus’ name, Amen. 

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Hebrews 10:19-39 – Let us hold fast